Interstitial cystitis (IC) or Painful bladder syndrome (PBS) is pain, pressure or burning in the bladder area and/or urethra accompanied by frequency or urgency of urination.
The symptoms last greater than 6 weeks and are not caused by other factors like bacterial infection, bladder stone or kidney stone. The symptoms may mimic a urinary tract infection as the condition is caused by inflammation or sensitivity of the bladder lining. Other common symptoms are pelvic pain, pain with intercourse and hematuria. Typically, pain increases as the bladder fills and decreases temporarily after urination. IC/PBS affects both men and women but is most common in females between the ages of 30 and 60 years old. The symptoms can greatly impact quality of life.