Ureteroscopy is a surgical procedure involving the use of small flexible or semi-rigid scopes that can be inserted into the urethra, through the bladder and into the ureter, without an incision.
These instruments allow the doctor to directly see a stone in the ureter (the tube that connects the kidney to the bladder). Using the ureteroscope, the stone can either be broken apart with a laser, removed using a basket or both. Typically, a stent is inserted and left in place for several days while healing takes place.
Potential risks of the procedure include injury to the ureter, development of scar tissue and narrowing of the ureter, infection, and the possibility that the stone will not be completely treated. Most people can return to work within one or two days following the procedure.